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-Bild von Chemie-
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Senin, 03 November 2014

HYDROCARBONS

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Carbon atoms have the unique ability to forms long chains while retaining their ability to bond covalently with other elements. Aside from carbon and hydrogen, organic compounds may also contain oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, chlorine, bromine, and iodine. According to its Lewis dot diagram, a carbon atom has a single electron on each of its four sides, meaning that it can bond with four other atoms. Carbon also has the unique ability to form double and triple bonds within long carbon chains. As a result of these many unique characteristics, the number of possible organic molecules is virtually infinite. In fact, the number of organic molecules that have been identified number in the millions; whereas the number of inorganic molecules that have been identified number in the thousands. The enormous variety of organic compounds, and the importance of these compounds to life, makes organic chemistry arguably the most important branch of chemistry. In this unit we will examine the simplest category of organic molecules: the hydrocarbons.

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